As a result of the country’s colonial history, the ecosystem of New Zealand has suffered greatly due to the over-population of foreign animal species that were artificially introduced into the ecosystems. Animal species that were inhabited from other continents have been widely over-populated because they had no natural “enemies” in the ecosystem. This means that species were breeding and multiplying uncontrollably throughout the time, devastating the plant life along the way and depriving natural animal species and plants of their native habitats. One of the areas that were heavily inflicted by this problem is the Mangaotama wetland, a green area of critical importance to the New Zealand’s ecosystem.
As a part of New Zealand’s authorities dedicated efforts to the restoration of green ecosystems, Mangaotama wetland had received funding for further ecological recovery of the area. Actions to take will involve fencing, animal removal, pest plant as well as native planting. Authorities have granted funds for total 33 projects in the purpose of cleaning up the Waikato and Waipa river catchment. Local authorities received 57 project applications overall, which makes the amount of the investment over $14 million. This would be the fifth round of fundings granted to the area.
Mangaotama wetland had suffered great damage due to issues with the pollution of Waipa and Waikato river catchment. Ecological problems in Mangaotama wetland were caused by the animal destruction of plantlife, which resulted in the land erosion of the area. Due to excessive erosion of the land, river catchment of Waikato and Waipa rivers became polluted, which had only made the problems worse. As a consequence to this ecosystem destruction, rare species inhabiting the wetland were brought near extinction. In order to heal the area and restore its natural plant life, authorities have granted funds for fencing the area against animal intrusion, as well as animal removal. Recovery of the area should also include native planting, which should bring indigenous species back to life.
Signiffigance of Mangaotama wetland area is great for the ecosystem of New Zealand, considering the fact that the area is the habitat of rare species. Some of the animal species that are endangered by the devastation of the ecosystem are the spotless crake and the long-tailed bat. In order for are to completely recover, it will take years of devoted efforts to rehabilitate and restore native plants, as well as breed native animal species. As a natural source of water, rivers Waikato and Waipa will need to be cleansed.
New Zealand has a long history of investing and putting efforts into protecting its green environment, and this project is only one amongst many that are results of New Zealand’s government efforts. Government policy in New Zealand has been oriented towards the preservation of the natural environment for a very long time, and results of their efforts are more than visible.